The Breed – Akhal-Teke Association of America (2023)

An endangered, ancient breed with modern versatility…

From warfare mounts of the Central Asian nomadic peoples, to a coveted treasure noted by Chinese Emperors, Alexander the Great, Marco Polo, and other great figures, to key foundational blood for the Thoroughbred horse, to favored Russian and Turkmen calvary mounts, and even to Olympic Gold… the Akhal-Teke horse has proven it can do it all.

Ancient Origins

Modern History

ATs in the US

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the Horse of Legends

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“These horses are an unearthly breed.

Perfection, miracles of miracles.

Alloyed breakthrough of wind and freedom,

Gold that came down from heaven.

Silhouettes woven by the sun,

Thin manes of flying silk.

They are sunsets,

Dawns and sunrises,

Painted by their smooth sides.

The constitution of cheetahs,

The grace of gazelles,

The pride and dignity of the eagle…

It is no coincidence that the ancients admired,


By the beauty of the Teke horses.”

– Akhaltek Inform Almanac, 2010


The Akhal-Teke is a modern athlete with an ancient heritage dating back more than 3,000 years. The breed has been treasured throughout history for its great endurance, personable nature, and unearthly grace. Lean and elegant, with sweeping gaits and a free shoulder, often with a metallic coat and a hooded almond shaped eye, it is easy to focus on their appearance. But it is their combination of intelligence, empathy, and fortitude that makes the Akhal-Teke an outstanding partner horse.

Many Akhal-Tekes demonstrate an aptitude for the rigorous sport of Eventing, where a true partnership is required; along with speed, stamina and agility, to negotiate the triple challenge of dressage, cross-country and stadium jumping. In North America, Akhal-Tekes are competing at all levels of Eventing, with several having competed at the highest levels of the sport. US Akhal-Teke Sengar and rider Craig Thompson were long-listed for the US Olympic Team in 1996; Kandar and Karen Yates were long-listed in 2000.

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The Akhal-Teke is legendary for its stamina. The breed’s typically lean build, quick pulse-down and efficient, silky-smooth trot also contribute to their increasing popularity in the challenging sport of endurance riding. In 1935, 15 Akhal-Tekes rode 3,000km from Ashkhabad to Moscow in 85 days, crossing through approximately 299 miles of the Kara-Kum desert without water (source). The trip proved their worth as a national treasure for Turkmenistan and Russia. Every year today, more people discover the comfort, intelligence, and willing attitude of the Akhal-Teke on the trail.

Tekes can be found in every discipline that requires athleticism and a good mind, from show jumping to western events or polo. They also thrive in non-competitive activities or exhibitions. If you enjoy working cows, parades or heading out on the trail, most likely your Akhal-Teke will too. They are an extremely versatile breed. They were chosen by Alexander the Great during his conquests, by Sergej Filatov to take him to Olympic gold, and by early racehorse breeders to shape the Thoroughbred. An Akhal-Teke could be the horse to realize your dreams with next.

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Breed Standard

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AT Lines

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Gait Study

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Traditional Tack

(Video) Akhal-Teke Horses | Sleek Metallic Coats

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ATs in Sports

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Saving the Nez


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DNA Studies

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ATs in Art

Ancient Origins

More than three thousand years ago… in the Central Asian steppes of what is now Turkmenistan, a horse unlike no other emerged. They evolved alongside the nomadic peoples, some say alongside alfalfa itself, in a place nestled deep in the Karakum desert between the ancient Oxus River valley and the Kopet Dag mountains. Here, like the eolian hollows of the region, these horses took on the shape of the wind and the glow of unending sun. It is believed they were born of the snake, cheetah, and eagle, and because of their adaptive thin skin and metallic coat the Chinese thought they sweat blood. They were called the Heavenly Horses (source). They became the Akhal-Teke.

The Akhal-Teke became a horse of many names, due to its mythos and how it dispersed over the millenia. They were most often called the Turkoman, Turkmen, or Turk horse, for the Turkic tribes of their Middles Ages homeland. In ancient times, they were also known as the Nisean horse, the highly sought after royal mounts of Persia (source). The Romans, Chinese, and Scythians are all believed to have fought and traded for the “Heavenly Argamak”, a term for the breed that is still used by hippologists today (source). The horses’ long, slender ears and stories of bony protrusions on their head also reminded the ancients of dragons, earning them the additional Chinese nickname of Soulon, or “vegetarian dragon” (source). The Akhal-Teke lived closely with Central Asian nomadic tribes, sharing their tent and subsisting on meager rations high in protein. The region’s resources and migratory way of life did not support large herds, so the breed existed in pockets across the steppes. Their treasured speed and stamina made them essential for transportation and warfare.

The Akhal-Teke horse was so coveted they became the target in the first war over horses in 104 BCE and 102 BCE, deemed the War of the Heavenly Horses. The war was fought between the Chinese Han Dynasty and the Persian Empire, and in victory, the prize of “T’ien ma” or Heavenly Horses allowed China to grow a strong cavalry (source).

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“When nature created

In some inspired moment

Snakes, cheetah and eagle

Single alloy –

Then there was

Tekinets, you!

Whose gaze is deep

As if he remembers Mithridates.

Whose neck is a quivering stream

Living silver and gold.

Whose step is even, slightly ringing

Stones of ancient decoration …


My kingdom for a horse!…

But where are the worthy ones for the kingdom? “

– Irina Khienkina

Artwork by Lubovvv Mischenko

(Video) Akhal Tekes Promo
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The Chinese were not the only ones who revered the ancient Akhal-Teke. Alexander of Macedonia’s famous mount, Bucephalus is believed to be a predecessor of the modern Akhal-Teke. During Alexander’s invasion of Persia, he “[demanded] a tribute of thousands of Persian horses” (source). In 480 BCE, King Xerxes proved the great racing prowess of Persian horses by beating the decorated horses of Thessalonia. The blood of the two was allowed to mix after he conquered the region in order to improve the Thessalonian horse (source). Indeed, the Akhal-Teke was brought into racing stock throughout the ancient world. It’s no wonder why later, in the development of the early Thoroughbred, they–then called Turks–were sought after and imported for breeding. Famous foundational Turk horses for the Thoroughbred include Darcy’s Yellow Turk, Helmsley Turk, and the well-known Byerley Turk. DNA and historical studies also suggest that many horses imported as “Arabs” or “Arabians” were actually Turks. It is even possible that some lines of the Arabian horse crossed some with another breed such as the Turkoman (source). In any event, the Akhal-Teke has shown throughout history that it crosses well with other breeds, often to great benefit of the bloodline. Today, the breed aids in the recovery of the Nez Perce horse and is used to create competitive sporthorses. It is said that “the Akhal-Teke horse ‘possesses the last drop of that valuable blood from which all the breeds of well-bred horses have been developed’ (source). One reason it is so important that we preserve them.

The Turk horses gained their modern name, the Akhal-Teke, after Russia took over Turkmenia in 1881, “combining the name of the Teke Turkmen tribe and the Akhal oasis in the foothills of the Kopet-Dag mountains” (source). The blood of the Turkmen horses in this area had been kept meticulously pure, making them living history and particularly valuable. In turn, they became the national emblem and treasure of Turkmenistan.

The Russians over time restored attention to the Akhal-Teke and saved it from extinction through careful breeding. They also used the breed to develop the Don, the Orlov Trotter, and Russian Thoroughbred lines (source). It’s been speculated that Peter the Great’s favorite mare, Lisette, had Akhal-Teke qualities, perhaps showing early Russian interest in the breed (source). Though they are not native to Russia, Akhal-Tekes have become a prominent favorite, even a status symbol, and most of their population is found in Russia today. Many Akhal-Tekes still reside in Turkmenistan as valued family members, continuing to show their personable and sensitive natures. They are also the primary racehorse breed there. Read more about the Akhal-Teke’s modern history post-1880s below.

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A Snapshot of Tekes in Turkmenistan Today

Modern History

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Sergei and Absent, from Akhal-Teke Bulgarian Society

After the industrial revolution in Russia, horses lost a lot of their valued utility. Many were still used in mounted militia, with Akhal-Tekes notably used the Turkmen Calvary, but great numbers died during the World Wars. Bolshevism brought “an end to private ownership and the horses were placed in state-owned stud farms. Rather than surrender their beloved horses to such a fate many tribesmen fled with them to Persia and Afghanistan. When it was then decreed that the horses in the stud farms were to be slaughtered for food, breeders released them into the desert, their natural habitat, thereby preventing what may have resulted in the annihilation of the Akhal Teke breed within the borders of Turkmenistan” (source). Still, the Akhal-Tekes numbers suffered to the point of near-extinction. Fortunately, a few key events turned the tides for the breed.

In 1935, fifteen Akhal-Teke horses, along with another native Turkmen breed and Anglo Akhal-Tekes, famously completed a 3,000km ride from Ashkhabad to Moscow in 85 days. The route required the horses to cross about 300 miles of Karakum desert, rugged swamps, and long stretches of forest (source). At the end of the ride, the Akhal-Tekes “arrived in significantly better condition than the Anglo-Teke crosses, impressive evidence for the superiority of the purebred Akhal-Teke for hardiness and endurance” (source). The event proved to Russia that the horses were finest in their purity and that the breed should not be diluted.

One of the Akhal-Teke horses who completed the ride was a grey stallion named Arab. He was gifted to Stalin and later became a champion in eventing and jumping, even setting a world record at the age of 16 (source) and winning the “‘The Cup of the Soviet Union’ in 1949” (source). Arab went on to become a successful stud and sired one of the most well-known Akhal-Tekes in modern times, the black stallion Absent (sometimes spelled Absinthe). Absent’s name brings with it a sense of pride for the Akhal-Teke as an elegant, modern athlete. Under the keen and sensitive direction of rider Sergei Filatov, Absent secured the first Olympic Gold victory for Soviet Russia in 1960. His legacy includes many progeny with the same aptitude for dressage and talent for jumping from his sire Arab. In fact, “Russian Grand Prix rider Inessa Poturaeva [competed] on a grandson of him, Amaretto” (source).

In 1941, the first official stud book with Akhal-Tekes was published, however in 1973 the All-Russian Institute of Horsebreeding (VNIIK) was established as the official international Akhal-Teke stud book for their recovery.

Highlighting their prized nature, the Akhal-Teke have been given as political gifts for ages. In recent centuries, they have been gifted from Turkmenistan to England, Russia, and France. “In 1956, for example, Nikita Khrushchev presented Queen Elizabeth the bright golden-dun stallion Melekush. So the story goes, grooms tried to clean off what they thought was an unnatural polish, but Melekush glowed even more awash” (source). This practice also helped improve their renown internationally.

In addition to breeders in Turkmenistan, several key Russian stud farms are credited for preserving the breed into the modern day, and now the Akhal-Teke can be found worldwide. Their numbers are currently over 6,000 globally and steadily growing, as is their popularity. Unfortunately, the breed is still at risk, especially because they are spread out and many regions have limited genetic pools. The Akhal-Teke is considered a “threatened” heritage breed by the Livestock Conservacy, and requires continued vigilance for futures generations to enjoy. The Akhal-Teke Association of America is honored and excited to share in this mission!

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How did Akhal-Tekes come to the US?

Phil and Margot Case, of Shenendoah Farms in Virginia,were the first Americans to import Akhal-Tekes to the U.S. in 1979.Two of these horses werea Peren Line stallion named SENETIR (Sektor x Altin), and an Arab Line mare, OLIVA. Both were purchased at a Moscow auction in September, 1978. The mare OLIVA was a decendent of the famousAkhal-Teke dressage stallion, Absent.(Absent wonthe gold medal in Prix de Dressage at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome and Individualbronze medal in the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, ridden by Sergei Filatov… as well as Soviet Team Goldat the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City, ridden by Ivan Kalita).With SENETIR and OLIVA, Phil and Margo started their breeding program, and in 1982 theyfounded the Akhal-Teke Association of America.

Phil and Margowent on to produce many purebred Akhal-Tekes who competed to the upper levels of 3 day eventing, jumping, and dressage. Since that time, the Association has grown and so has the interest in the breed. The goals and purpose of this Association are to establish, maintain and operate a non-profit Association comprised of owners, breeders, and friends of the Akhal-Teke for the preservation, perpetuation, and promotion of thebreed, and to provide educational activities regarding the Akhal-Teke in North America.

Every year, a 3 day Conference is hosted by one of the members of the Association and informative workshops, speaking/slideshow presentations, and demonstrations are held as well as an Akhal-Teke parade. The Conference is a chance for members to greet one another, since most are scattered throughout the U.S. and abroad, and to increase education and awareness about the Akhal-Teke. The Conference is open to members and non-members alike, and you don’t have to own an Akhal-Teke to participate in the festivities.

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The Akhal-Teke on HorseTV

Full film produced by the ATAA and HorseFlicks


Are there American Associations for the Akhal-Teke? ›

The Akhal Teke Association of America (ATAA) works to preserve the endangered Akhal-Teke horse through responsible growth and promotion. They are a rare breed with their roots at the very beginning of horsemanship, and they have a history older and more fascinating than that of any single nation or culture.

What is the Akhal-Teke known for? ›

The Akhal-Teke, otherwise known as the “Golden Horse” or "horse that sweats blood," is originally from the southern desert region of modern-day Turkmenistan and one of the most ancient horse breeds with a widely disputed history. It is best known for its shimmery coat and outstanding endurance.

How many Akhal-Teke horses are left in the world? ›

Throughout its history the Akhal Teke has been pure bred, and due to war and conflict, remains a rare and endangered breed with less than 7,000 horses world wide.

Why are Akhal-Tekes so rare? ›

While you don't usually see this with domestic animals, the Akhal-Teke is a threatened breed on the Conservancy's Conservation Priority List (CPL). Part of this is due to the political and economical turmoil that took place in Soviet Russia. The breeding barns that men established in the late 1800s gradually shut down.

What breed are AES horses? ›

The goal of the Anglo European Studbook UK is to facilitate the improvement of a modern sport horse and FEI pony breed aimed at the three Olympic disciplines of Showjumping, Eventing and Dressage.

What is America's favorite horse breed? ›

American Quarter Horses

With nearly six million Quarter Horses registered by the American Quarter Horse Association (AQHA) since 1940, they are the most popular breed of horse in the United States. Named for their ability to sprint short distances—such as a quarter-mile—they are both athletic and level headed.

What is the best horse in world? ›

Irish Thoroughbred

This is one of the horse breeds that has been designed and been perfected over the last 250 years specifically for that one horse that can beat the world. They are the winners of the horse kingdom when it comes to elegance, endurance and speed.

What is the most powerful horse in the world? ›

#1: Belgian Drafts

The Belgian draft is the strongest horse in the world. Taller than many of the strongest horses in the world, the Belgian Draft stands at up to 18 hands and an impressive 2000 pounds. Although they are not the heaviest or stoutest breed on this list, Belgian horses are highly muscular and powerful.

What does Akhal mean? ›

nausea, vomiting, retching, throwing up.

How much does a Akhal-Teke horse cost? ›

These horses cost around $10,000 on average, though that price can rise considerably based on age, health, training, and pedigree. Akhal-Tekes with a strong metallic sheen to their coats often command a higher price, as well.

What is the most majestic horse in the world? ›

The Akhal-Teke horse is so beautiful that it can be compared to a golden statue. With his thin skin, it looks almost metallic in sunlight. The Akhal-Teke is considered the most beautiful horse in the world by

Why do Akhal-Teke horses shine? ›

Why Akhal-Tekes Have Shiny Coats. It has to do with the hair. The opaque core of the hair is narrower and in some cases even absent. This allows the light to shine right through it, though it refracts it a little.

Can you ride an Akhal-Teke horse? ›

The Akhal-Teke, due to its natural athleticism, can be a sport horse, good at dressage, show jumping, eventing, racing, and endurance riding.

What is the most prestigious horse breed? ›

There is no other breed with better bloodlines and a history of winning than that of a Thoroughbred. Because of its almost assured spot at the top of any competition, thoroughbreds are the most expensive horse breed in the world.

What kind of horse is Sylvester Stallone? ›

The actor played polo competitively in his younger years and has two American Quarter Horses registered in his name, including Crome Plated Step, who has been shown in AQHA reining competition by daughters Sistine and Scarlet Rose Stallone and trainer Tom Foran and has almost $69,000 in NRHA earnings.

What breed are NYPD horses? ›

The horses used in the Metropolitan Mounted Police are usually either half or three quarter Thoroughbred, with the other part of their breeding being a draft breed. This gives them the size and strength of the draft horse, along with the agility and courage of the Thoroughbred.

What is the fastest gaited horse breed? ›

Standardbred. About the Standardbred: Best known for harness racing, this American breed has some of the fastest trotting horses in the world. There are two different types of Standardbreds, the trotters and the pacers.

What is the Queen's Favourite horse breed? ›

After her father, King George VI, passed away, she inherited breeding and racing stock. The Queen's Thoroughbred breeding program is at the Royal Stud in Sandringham. As yearlings, they go to Polhampton Stud before heading to various training stables. She routinely visits to observe and assess her Thoroughbred horses.

What horse was better than Secretariat? ›

“The Blood-Horse” poll

In 1999, The Blood-Horse magazine convened a panel of seven racing experts to rank-order the 20th Century's top 100 racehorses. Man o' War beat out Secretariat for the top spot, each garnering three first-place votes.

What horse was faster than Secretariat? ›

Triple Crown winner Secretariat may have taken the 1973 Belmont by a record 31 lengths and in a record time of 2:24, but American Pharoah was faster to the finish over the final 440 yards. Big Red took 25 seconds; American Pharoah was . 68 seconds quicker, going two furlongs in 24.32 seconds.

Who was the fastest horse ever? ›

This is a Guinness World Record was achieved by a horse called Winning Brew. She was trained by Francis Vitale in the United States. The race was recorded at the Penn National Race Course, Grantville, Pennsylvania, United States. Winning Brew covered the quarter-mile (402 metres) in 20.57 seconds.

What horse is faster than a Mustang? ›

The Thoroughbred is largely considered to be the fastest horse breed in the world over longer distances – topping out at speeds of around 40 to 45 miles per hour. Able to reach 50 miles per hour, the American Quarterhorse is perhaps the fastest horse in the world over short distances.

Which horse was bigger Man O War or Secretariat? ›

Man O' War was half-a-hand taller and slightly more bulky in frame...ruggedly handsome. Neither horse would have met rejection from an amorous filly. War was foaled on March 29, 1917; Secretariat on March 30, 1970. Each had 21 races and competed only as 2 and 3-year-olds.

Is there a horse bigger than a Clydesdale? ›

1) Shire Horse

The average weight is between 850kg to 1100kg. The largest horse recorded in history is the shire 'Mammoth', he was 219cm tall (21.2hh). Find out the main difference between Clydesdales & Shire Horses HERE.

How long do Akhal-Teke horses live? ›

Akhal-Tekes have a shoulder height of 14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1000 lb (408-454 kg) and a typical lifespan of 20 years.

How rare is the Akhal-Teke horse? ›

The Akhal-Teke is a globally rare breed, with an estimated population of less than 7,000. Akhal-Teke horses excel in many pursuits, including endurance, dressage, and jumping.

How fast is a Akhal-Teke? ›

Seen primarily in dressage, show jumping, and endurance riding, the Akhal-Teke can hit a top speed around 35 mph. With an estimated population of fewer than 6,000 horses around the world, mostly in Turkmenistan, it's one of the rarest breeds.

How much are Kim Kardashians horses? ›

According to Horse Is Love, Fresian horses can cost anywhere from $3,000 to $50,000. Pedigreed horses (which is what the Kardashian-Wests probably own) range anywhere from $19,900 to $47,900 (or more, depending on the horse). “Cheaper” Friesian horses are usually older and untrained.

What is the cheapest horse breed to own? ›

The cheapest horse breeds tend to be Quarter Horses, Arabians, Thoroughbreds and wild Mustangs. Although you can usually find cheaper horses within each of these breeds, you will need to keep a few things in mind. There are special considerations that need to be taken with most inexpensive horses.

What is the most wildest horse? ›

Przewalski's horse was long considered the only remaining truly wild horse, in contrast with the American Mustang or the Australian brumby, which are instead feral horses descended from domesticated animals.

How cold is too cold for horse? ›

Providing shelter for your horse

In the absence of wind and moisture, horses tolerate temperatures at or slightly below 0° F. If horses have access to a shelter, they can tolerate temperatures as low as -40° F. But horses are most comfortable at temperatures between 18° and 59° F, depending on their hair coat.

Who is the smartest horse in the world? ›

Bill Key, born a slave, overcame many obstacles to become a veterinarian and a businessman. Key's horse, Jim, was eventually recognized as the world's smartest horse and accompanied Key in his work with the Society for the prevention of Cruelty to Animals.

What horse is golden in color? ›

Palomino horses have a yellow or gold coat, with a white or light cream mane and tail. The shades of the body coat color range from cream to a dark gold. Unless also affected by other, unrelated genes, palominos have dark skin and brown eyes, though some may be born with pinkish skin that darkens with age.

Is Akhal-Teke a palomino? ›

The Akhal-Teke produces some truly amazing palominos, usually with plenty of “chrome!” Light Palomino. This color also can be referred to as “isabella”, although in Europe and in Russian “isabella” refers to cremello and perlino. This famous Akhal-Teke stallion is Kambar, published in most breed books.

Are Akhal-Tekes hot blooded? ›

Popular breeds of hotblood horse

Hotbloods may be the smallest group of horses, as the category refers to Arabs, Barbs, thoroughbreds, and Akhal- tekes. Arabs, thoroughbreds, and their crosses (Anglo-Arabs) are probably the best known.

What is the largest horse breed association? ›

The American Quarter Horse Association, located in Amarillo, Texas, is the world's largest equine breed registry and membership organization.

What are the 3 most popular breeds of equine in the US? ›

The most common horse breeds in the United States are the American quarter horse, Thoroughbred, Arabian, Morgan, American Paint Horse, Tennessee Walker Horse, and Mustangs.

What is the number 1 horse breed? ›

The American quarter horse—the No. 1 horse breed in America—is popular with English and Western riders. Quarter horses often make great beginner horses because of their even temperament. However, some can be energetic.

What horses did Cherokees ride? ›

One of those breeds that survived the Trail of Tears is the Cherokee horse, a distinctive breed that is recognized by the Southwest Spanish Mustang Association. The breed is descended from the horses brought to the Americas by Spanish conquistadors like Hernando de Soto.

What breed of horse did Native Americans ride? ›

The Spanish Mustang is the original Native American breed. It descends from the horses of the Conquistadors and Native Americans, and developed on the plains of the American West, growing stronger and thriftier through natural selection.

What type of horse did most cowboys ride? ›

American Quarter Horse

Their compact maneuverability makes them particularly desirable in rodeo competitions like reining and cutting. This is the horse that cowboys ride.

What is the greatest horse in history? ›

Secretariat (1973)

Along with Man o' War, he is considered to be the best horse of all time. Even ESPN counted Secretariat as on of the Top 50 Athletes of the 20th Century during their countdown in 1999. As a two-year-old, he won six of eight starts, with one being via disqualification at the Champagne Stakes.


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5. Ahalteke equestrian complex - Akhal-Teke Stallions
6. Turkmenistan's Akhal-Teke: the world's oldest horse
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