A brief history of Formula One (2022)

A brief history of Formula One (1)

Alberto Ascari, Juan Manuel Fangio and Nina Farina after the British Grand Prix in 1952,. Between them they won the first eight drivers' championships © Getty Images

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Formula One (the formula in the name refers to a set of rules to which all participants and cars must comply and was originally and briefly known as Formula A) can trace its roots back to the earliest days of motor racing, and emerged from the buoyant European racing scene of the inter-war years. Plans for a Formula One drivers' championship were discussed in the late 1930s but were shelved with the onset of World War Two.

In 1946 the idea was rekindled and in that season the first races were held and the following year the decision was made to launch a drivers' championship. It took until 1950 for the details to be hammered out and in May 1950 the first world championship race was held at Silverstone - the first F1 race had taken place a month earlier in Pau. Only seven of the twenty or so Formula One races that season counted towards the title but the championship was up and running. Even as more races were included in the championship, there were plenty of non-championship Formula One races. Non-championship races continued until 1983 when rising costs ruled them unprofitable.

There were no shortage of privateers - drivers who operated on their own and who bought and raced their own cars. Nevertheless, the formula was dominated by major pre-war manufactures such as Alfa Romeo, Ferrari, Maserati and Mercedes Benz. Although Giuseppe ("Nino") Farina won the inaugural title, the key driver in the 1950s was Juan Manuel Fangio who won the drivers' championship in 1951, 1954, 1955, 1956 and 1957 with five different manufacturers.

It was not an easy beginning. In 1952 and 1953 the lack of entrants meant the authorities ran races to Formula Two regulations, with Alberto Ascari winning the championship in both years. Of the 20 makes that competed in 1950, most were soon forced out by the cost. Only Ferrari have competed since the off. The death toll in races was gruesome - 13 drivers were killed in F1 cars in the first decade.

The cars made considerable technological advances. The first seasons were run using pre-war cars like Alfa's 158. They were front engined, with narrow-treaded tyres and 1.5 litre supercharged or 4.5 litre normally aspirated engines. When Formula One regulations returned in 1954 engines were limited to 2.5 litres. Mercedes Benz made major developments until they withdrew from all motor sports in the aftermath of the 1955 disaster at Le Mans. In the late 1950s Cooper introduced a rear-engined car and by 1961 all manufacturers were running them. As an added incentive for the teams, a constructors' championship was introduced in 1958.

An era of British dominance was ushered in by Mike Hawthorn's championship win in 1958, although Stirling Moss had been at the forefront of the sport without ever securing the world title. Between Jim Clark, Jackie Stewart, John Surtees, Jack Brabham, Graham Hill, and Denny Hulme, British and Commonwealth drivers won nine drivers' championships and British teams won ten constructors' titles between 1962 and 1973. The iconic British Racing Green Lotus, with a revolutionary aluminum-sheet monocoque chassis instead of the traditional space-frame design, was the dominant car, and in 1968 the team broke new boundaries when they were the first to carry advertising on their cars.

In 1970 Lotus' Jochen Rindt won the drivers' championship posthumously, the only man to do so, underlining the continuing risks. His replacement as Lotus' No. 1, was young Brazilian Emerson Fittipaldi, he then split the next four championships, with Jackie Stewart taking 1971 and 1973 for the new Team Tyrrell and Fittipaldi 1972 and 1974.

The cars became faster and slicker - Lotus again were the innovators when they introduced ground-effect aerodynamics that provided enormous downforce and greatly increased cornering speeds - by the early 1970s the days of private entries were all but over as the costs of racing rocketed. Not only that, with the advent of turbocharged cars, speeds and power also raced ahead.

Safety remained a concern - Stewart retired on the eve of what would have been his final race following the death of his close friend and team mate Francois Cevert in practice ahead of the 1973 US Grand Prix. In 1975 Fittipaldi refused to drive in the Spanish Grand Prix which was stopped after 29 laps when a car ploughed into the crowd, killing four spectators.

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A brief history of Formula One (2)

James Hunt leads the field in heavy rain - he finished third, gaining the points necessary to win the1976 World Championship. Hunt's main rival, Niki Lauda withdrew from the race after two laps on grounds of safety © Getty Images

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Ferrari began to reassert themselves with drivers Niki Lauda and Clay Regazzoni, the former capturing the first of three drivers' titles in 1975. He won six of the first nine races in 1976 before a horrendous crash at the German Grand Prix left him with burns so severe he was not expected to live. Almost unbelievably he was back in the cockpit six weeks later and the championship went down to the wire, James Hunt edging out the courageous Lauda in the final race.

Lotus again led the way in 1978 with the introduction of ground-effects technology (using side skirts and underbody design to give the car phenomenal grip, albeit temperamentally) and Mario Andretti was supreme as he won six of the 16 races. But the year was again marred by a tragedy as team-mate Ronnie Peterson was killed at Monza. This marked the beginning of the end for the legendary Lotus team and was their last championship-winning year.

In the early 1970s Bernie Ecclestone rearranged the management of Formula One's commercial rights, turning the sport into a billion-dollar global business. In 1971 he bought the Brabham team and so gained a seat on the Formula One Constructors' Association (FOCA) and in 1978 became its president. Until Ecclestone, circuit owners controlled many aspects of the sport; he persuaded the teams of their worth and the value of negotiating as a coordinated unit.

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In 1979 FISA (Fe'de'ration Internationale du Sport Automobile) was formed and almost immediately clashed with FOCA over revenues and regulations. Matters deteriorated to the extent FOCA boycotted a race and threatened a breakaway (tactics that were turned on Ecclestone years later). In return FISA removed its sanction from races. An uneasy truce came with the 1981 Concorde Agreement.

In 1980 Alan Jones and the Williams team dominated and in 1981 Nelson Piquet took the title by one point with victory at the U.S Grand Prix. 1982 seemed set to be centered on a rift between Ferrari's Gilles Villeneuve and Didier Pironi but Villeneuve was killed at Zolder. Two months later, in practice for the German Grand Prix, Pironi was so badly injured that he never raced again.

From then on turbos, which first appeared in 1977, came to rule the roost. Piquet won his second title in 1983 with Brabham, and Lauda's half-point win in 1984 heralded the start of a period of dominance by McLaren in which they won the drivers' title in seven out of eight years with Alain Prost and Ayrton Senna. The team's zenith came in 1988 when they won 15 of the 16 races but for the following season turbos were banned, and the relationship between the two drivers deteriorated rapidly.

To combat the phenomenal power of cars, restrictions were brought in and eventually turbochargers were banned altogether in 1989. In the 1980s electronic drivers aids began to emerge (again Lotus were at the forefront) and by the early 1990s semi-automatic gearboxes and traction control were a natural progression. The battle between new technology and the desire of the FIA to counter accusations that the drivers were increasingly less relevant than the boffins, raged throughout the next two decades.

McLaren and Williams continued to rule the roost in the 1990s. In all, McLaren won 16 championships (seven constructors', nine drivers') in that period, while Williams matched them with 16 titles of their own (nine constructors', seven drivers'). But the rivalry between Prost and Senna ended in 1993 with Prost's retirement and then in 1994 Senna died at Imola. His death was a watershed, in that it led to considerable increases in safety standards - no driver has died at the wheel of an F1 car since then. The FIA introduced measures to slow the cars and improve their safety.

But purists continued to argue the race was more about the technicians and designers than drivers, and like many other sports, a few teams dominated. McLaren, Williams, Renault (formerly Benetton) and Ferrari won every World Championship from 1984 until 2008. The soaring costs of Formula One widened the chasm between the big four and the smaller independents. Between 1990 and 2008 28 teams came and went, few making more than an ephemeral mark.

A brief history of Formula One (3)

(Video) The History Of Formula 1 | Race 1000

Michael Schumacher approaches the finish line as his Ferrari crew celebrate his win in Malaysia in 2000 - his victory and his team-mate Rubens Barrichello's third place gave the constructors' championship to the Ferrari team for the first time in 21 years. It was the first of five successive titles for the German © Getty Images

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The most dominant figures during this time were Michael Schumacher and Ferrari, who won an unprecedented five consecutive drivers' championships and six consecutive constructors' championships between 1999 and 2004. Schumacher was a brilliant driver but his habit of pushing rules and sportsmanship to the limit made him a hard man to warm to, and that allied to his success further caused problems for the sport's popularity. Viewing figures dropped and concerns grew for the sport's future given the increasing difficulty for any new entrants to make an impression.

Championship rules were frequently changed by the FIA with the intention of improving the on-track action and cutting costs. In 2002 team orders, legal since the championship started in 1950, were banned after several incidents in which teams openly manipulated race results, generating negative publicity, most famously by Ferrari at the 2002 Austrian Grand Prix. There was tinkering over points scoring, pit stops, engines and tyres.

From 2000 manufacturer-owned teams returned with success - McLaren the exception - as Renault, BMW, Toyota, Honda and Ferrari dominated the championship, and through the Grand Prix Manufacturers Association (GPMA) they negotiated a larger share of Formula One's commercial profit and a greater say in the running of the sport. The global expansion of Formula One continued with new races in lucrative markets in the far and Middle East.

Schumacher's retirement in 2006 coincided with the sport again becoming more competitive on the track, but increasingly the headlines were dominated by behind-the-scenes politics.

Teams seemed to be on the verge of breaking away from F1 almost every year, scandal blighted officials and many believed Ecclestone and FIA chief Max Mosley had been around too long for the sport's good. The nadir came late in 2009 when it was revealed that Nelson Piquet Jnr had been ordered to crash at the 2008 Singapore Grand Prix for the benefit of his team-mate. Renault boss Flavio Briatore was subsequently banned, but it was yet another blow Formula One could have done without.

Martin Williamson is managing editor of digital media ESPN EMEA

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FAQs

What is the story behind Formula 1? ›

The Formula One series originated with the European Championship of Grand Prix motor racing of the 1920s and 1930s. The formula consists of a set of rules that all participants' cars must meet. Formula One was a new formula agreed upon during 1946 with the first non-championship races taking place that year.

What country invented F1? ›

The first Formula 1 race took place in Silverstone, England, in 1950. The first sanctioned race indisputably occurred in England, which might make some consider the United Kingdom as Formula 1's country of origin.

When was F1 invented? ›

Who invented the F1 car? ›

No one is absolutely sure who first had the idea of an official Formula One World Championship, but the credit is generally given to the Marquis Antonio Brivio-Sforza, who had been elected to represent Italy at the FIA in 1946.

When did F1 stop using v10? ›

V10s were last used in F1 at the end of 2005, before being replaced by V8s.

What does F1 mean in school? ›

E1: Exam 1st semester. E2: Exam 2nd semester. F1: Final Grade.

How fast did F1 cars go in 1950? ›

F1 cars from the 1950s and 1960s could accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h in about 4 seconds, and their estimated top speed was 290 km/h.

Why is Formula 1 so popular? ›

Given that Formula 1 fans are attracted to high-tech vehicles, speed, and driving skill – the fact that McLaren's history is home to the most iconic car and the most legendary drivers make it an enduring fan favorite.

Who was the first F1 world champion? ›

As of the 2022 season, out of the 770 drivers who have started a Formula One Grand Prix, the 73 titles awarded have been won by a total of 34 different drivers. The first Formula One World Drivers' Champion was Giuseppe Farina in the 1950 championship and the current title holder is Max Verstappen in the 2022 season.

Who is associated with F1 answers? ›

As of January 2021, the group is run by Stefano Domenicali as president and chief executive officer. Ross Brawn is managing director of motor sports, and Chase Carey, who previously ran the group from 2017 to 2020, is non-executive chairman.

How has F1 changed over the years? ›

In the last decade alone, there have been enormous changes in Formula 1 cars. In 2011, F1 cars were 189 in (4,800 mm) in length, while today they are over 197 in (5,000 mm) long. The cars have also grown wider. Today's are 79 in (2,000 mm) wide compared to a width 71 in (1,800 mm) in 2011.

Why do F1 teams have 2 drivers? ›

F1 teams have 2 drivers because the rules dictate that each team must field two drivers. They are not allowed to have more than two drivers in a race at a time. F1 teams also have 2 drivers in order to combine the points they score to battle the other teams for the constructors' championship.

Who won Silverstone 1950? ›

Silverstone hosted the first Formula One Grand Prix championship race in May 1950, won by Giuseppe “Nino” Farina in an Alfa Romeo in front of the watching King George VI.

Why is it called F1? ›

How Did Formula One Get Its Name? In motorsport, the term 'Formula' refers to a set of rules and regulations adopted by the organizers, to which all participants must comply with. As for the number 'One', it was added to recognize the championship as the premier category in motorsport.

Why F1 is a sport? ›

In summary, F1 is a sport for various reasons. F1 drivers must train their bodies to handle g forces from turns and keep their bodies strong to maintain balance and endurance during a race. The F1 drivers need to be physically strong, but the mental side of racing also must be top-notch.

Why did F1 move from V10 to V8? ›

F1 implemented V8 regulations in 2006. The 2006 season saw all teams use V8 engines (aside from Toro Rosso, with their cars running V10s). The FIA decided that the V10 engines were too powerful and too wasteful. Moving to smaller engines would mean better fuel efficiency and better racing.

Why did F1 go from V12 to V10? ›

One year into this ear, Ferrari opted to use a V10 engine as opposed to their usual V12 engine. The reason for this switch is due to the V10 engine being both smaller and lighter than the V12. This Formula One period directly precedes the current F1 period.

Why is there no Lamborghini in F1? ›

So why doesn't Lamborghini have an F1 team? Lamborghini's parent company, Volkswagen AG, now have other brands involved in F1. Porsche it set to become the engine manufacturer for multiple teams and Audi will have their own team. Lamborghini did try racing in F1 for a few years in the early 90s, but it did not go well.

What grade should a 12 year old be in? ›

Grade 7

What grade should a 15 year old be in? ›

Grade 9

What does Q2 mean in school? ›

Q1 is the average grade for Quarter 1. Q2 is the average grade for Quarter 2. S1 stands for Semester 1. S1 is the average grade of Quarters 1 and 2. Q3 is the average for Quarter 3.

How did Formula One get its name? ›

How Did Formula One Get Its Name? In motorsport, the term 'Formula' refers to a set of rules and regulations adopted by the organizers, to which all participants must comply with. As for the number 'One', it was added to recognize the championship as the premier category in motorsport.

Why is Formula 1 so popular? ›

Given that Formula 1 fans are attracted to high-tech vehicles, speed, and driving skill – the fact that McLaren's history is home to the most iconic car and the most legendary drivers make it an enduring fan favorite.

How much does an F1 car cost? ›

If these figures are taken into account, it is possible to deduce that a Formula 1 racing car from the 2022 season is worth between 12 and 15 million dollars. Even the display or scale units of the single-seaters have extremely high prices.

Why do F1 teams have 2 drivers? ›

F1 teams have 2 drivers because the rules dictate that each team must field two drivers. They are not allowed to have more than two drivers in a race at a time. F1 teams also have 2 drivers in order to combine the points they score to battle the other teams for the constructors' championship.

Who is associated with F1 answers? ›

As of January 2021, the group is run by Stefano Domenicali as president and chief executive officer. Ross Brawn is managing director of motor sports, and Chase Carey, who previously ran the group from 2017 to 2020, is non-executive chairman.

What is the fastest F1 car? ›

Of all of the racing cars that have graced F1, the Ferrari SF70H is one of the fastest and most iconic F1 cars of all time. So much so that it's a coveted prize by many athletes on and off the track!

Who was the first F1 world champion? ›

As of the 2022 season, out of the 770 drivers who have started a Formula One Grand Prix, the 73 titles awarded have been won by a total of 34 different drivers. The first Formula One World Drivers' Champion was Giuseppe Farina in the 1950 championship and the current title holder is Max Verstappen in the 2022 season.

Is F1 losing popularity? ›

Is F1 Losing Popularity? F1 is no longer losing popularity, with viewership of the 2021 season up on that from 2020. Formula 1 viewership had been in a steep decline ever since 2008, when 600 million viewers tuned in worldwide.

Is watching Formula 1 a hobby? ›

Racing is more than just speed. Even if you've never considered it before, Formula 1 could be the hobby you didn't know you wanted.

Why didnt Lewis Hamilton change his tires? ›

Former F1 personality Peter Windsor says Lewis Hamilton didn't get a tyre change at the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix because “it was impossible for Mercedes to anticipate what would happen”.

How fast does a F1 car go 0 60? ›

Formula 1. F1 cars accelerate from 0 – 60mph in roughly 2.6 seconds. This might seem slow given their top speed, however as a lot of their speed comes from the aerodynamics (which works better the quicker the car is going), they can't unleash full power from a standing start.

How much does an F1 engineer make? ›

Graduate Engineers: £25,000 - £30,000 a year. Junior Engineers: £45,000 - £65,000 a year. Senior Engineers: £70,000 - £115,000 a year. Chief Engineers: £175,000+ a year.

Why is BMW not in F1? ›

Combined with the global financial recession and the company's frustration about the limitations of the contemporary technical regulations in developing technology relevant to road cars, BMW chose to withdraw from the sport, selling the team back to its founder, Peter Sauber.

What does P0 mean in F1? ›

Ignition Mode P0

All electrical systems on the car are completely powered off, and the engine is not allowed to start. There is nothing more disheartening for a driver to hear when told to select mode P0. The driver's race is finished, and the car must be disabled.

Why do some F1 teams have 3 drivers? ›

Pause to the three-car plan in F1

However, a three-car team would mean more opportunity for young and inexperienced drivers. They can keep the third car on reserve with a ready-to-deploy junior. If a dominant team were to put up three drivers for a race, it could be a very competitive affair.

Which F1 team is most successful? ›

Ferrari hold the record for the most Grand Prix victories, having won 242 times. McLaren are second with 183 wins, and Mercedes are third with 124 wins.

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